Turkey is a nation straddling eastern Europe and western Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Cosmopolitan Istanbul, on the Bosphorus Strait, is home to the iconic Hagia Sophia, with its soaring dome and Christian mosaics, the massive 17th-century Blue Mosque and the circa-1460 Topkap? Palace, former home of sultans. Ankara is Turkey?s modern capital.

"Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije dʒumˈhuːɾijeti] (listen)), is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeastern Europe. East Thrace, the part of Turkey in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus and the Dardanelles (collectively called the Turkish Straits). Istanbul, which straddles Europe and Asia, is the largest city in the country, while Ankara is the capital. Turkey is bordered on its northwest by Greece and Bulgaria; north by the Black Sea; northeast by Georgia; east by Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran; southeast by Iraq; south by Syria and the Mediterranean Sea; and west by the Aegean Sea. Approximately 70 to 80 percent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish, while Kurds are the largest minority, at between 15 to 20 percent of the population.

At various points in its history, the region has been inhabited by diverse civilisations including the Anatolian peoples, Assyrians, Greeks, Thracians, Phrygians, Urartians, and Armenians. Hellenization started during the era of Alexander the Great and continued into the Byzantine era. The Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area in the 11th century, and their victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 symbolises the foundation of Turkey for many Turkish nationalists. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish principalities called beyliks. Beginning in the late 13th century, the Ottomans started uniting the beyliks and conquering the Balkans. The Turkification of Anatolia increased during the Ottoman period. After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued under Selim I. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire encompassed much of Southeast Europe, West Asia and North Africa and became a world power. From the late 18th century onwards, the empire's power declined with a gradual loss of territories and wars. In an effort to consolidate the weakening social and political foundations of the empire, Mahmud II started a period of modernisation in the early 19th century, bringing reforms in all areas of the state including the military and bureaucracy, along with the emancipation of all citizens.The 1913 coup d'état effectively put the country under the control of the Three Pashas, who were largely responsible for the Empire's entry into World War I in 1914. During World War I, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian, Assyrian and Pontic Greek subjects. After the Ottomans and the other Central Powers lost the war, the conglomeration of territories and peoples that had composed the Ottoman Empire was partitioned into several new states. The Turkish War of Independence, initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his comrades against the occupying Allied Powers, resulted in the abolition of the sultanate on 1 November 1922, the replacement of the Treaty of Sèvres (1920) with the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923, with Atatürk as its first president. Atatürk enacted numerous reforms, many of which incorporated various aspects of Western thought, philosophy and customs into the new form of Turkish government.Turkey is a charter member of the UN, an early member of NATO, the IMF, and the World Bank, and a founding member of the OECD, OSCE, BSEC, OIC, and G20. After becoming one of the early members of the Council of Europe in 1950, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995, and started accession negotiations with the European Union in 2005. In a non-binding vote on 13 March 2019, the European Parliament called on the EU governments to suspend Turkey's accession talks; which, despite being stalled since 2018, remain active as of 2020. Turkey's economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power and a newly industrialized state by several analysts, while its location has given it geopolitical and strategic importance throughout history. Turkey is a secular, unitary, formerly parliamentary republic that adopted a presidential system with a referendum in 2017; the new system came into effect with the presidential election in 2018. Turkey's current administration, headed by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of the AKP, has enacted measures to increase the influence of Islam and undermine Kemalist policies and freedom of the press." Wikipedia


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Kalekoy Limani
1 . Kalekoy Limani

2 . Kabatepe

3 . Seddubahir

4 . Cannakkale

Eceabat Pier
5 . Eceabat Pier

Lapseki Quay
6 . Lapseki Quay

7 . Gelibolu

8 . Erdek

9 . Yigitlar

Avsar Rusba
10 . Avsar Rusba

11 . Marmara

12 . Asmalikoy

13 . Saraylar

14 . Turankoy

15 . Bandirma

16 . Zeytinbagi

17 . Mudanya

18 . Guzelyali

19 . Esenkoy

Setur Yalova
20 . Setur Yalova

21 . Viaport

22 . Pendik

23 . Adalar

24 . Maltepe

25 . Atakoy

26 . Kalamis

27 . Fenerbahce

West Istanbul
28 . West Istanbul

29 . Mimarsinan

30 . Guzelce

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Top Towns

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1 . Fethiye

A large coastal town on the western coast of Turkey.

2 . Marmaris

Marmaris is lively holiday town in the south-west of Turkey. It is sheltered behind the Ylidiz islet.

3 . Bodrum

Bodrum is a large and popular town on the western coast of Turkey a short distance from Kos.

4 . Kalekoy
(Gokceada Island )

A popular green holiday town on the north of this Turkish island. Home to a large breakwater with many tavernas along the quayside and in the main town.

5 . Feribotu
(Gokceada Island )

A small village on the eastern coast of the island home to a large empty commercial harbour and ferry terminal to Kabatepe and Canakkale.

6 . Yuvacik
(Gokceada Island )

A small holiday resort on the southern coast of the island around a small sandy outcrop.

7 . Ugurlu
(Gokceada Island )

A holiday resort close to the southern coast of the island.

8 . Enez

A small northern Turkish town on the Greek border close to the see by way of the Dalyan Gulf.

9 . Yaylakoy

A holiday destination in the north of Turkey on the northern bank of the Gulf of Saros (Xeros) with a harbour to the west and popular beach to the east.

10 . Gokcetepe

A small leafy village forming the coastal extension of the larger inland town.

11 . Kocacesme

A rural village set back a short way from the coast at the end of the Saros Gulf.

12 . Guneyli

A popular holiday town on the southern coast of the Saros Gulf in northern Turkey. Formed around a natural bay, and home to a very busy harbour.

13 . Alcitepe

A small inland town near the end of the rural peninsula.

14 . Kilidibahir

A pretty town opposite Canakkale on the northern coast of the Dardandelles gulf.

15 . Eceabat

A busy town on the Dardanelles (which leads to the Sea of Marmara). Home to a harbour and quayside.

16 . Canakkale

A large town in northern Turkey opposite Kilitbahiracross the narrow strait of the Dardanelles. Home to a small commercial and ferry port and busy harbour.

17 . Lapseki

A town in northern Turkey on the Dardanelles. Home to a ferry port and a harbour.

18 . Gelibolu

A large pretty rural town on the northern shore of the Dardanelles strait. Formed around a headland and home to a ferry port, commercial quay and a small inner harbour.

19 . Sarkoey

A rural town on the north-western shore of the Sea or Marmara, home to a long sandy popular beach, a small harbour and pier.

20 . Kumbag

A popular holiday destination on the north-western coast of the Sea of Marmara.

21 . Barbaros

A town on the north-western shore of the Sea of Marmara with a large commercial port and a busy fishing harbour and ferry terminal.

22 . Tekirdag

A large town on the north-western shore of the Sea of Marmara. Home to a couple of harbours around a pretty coastal park and a commercial port towards the south.

Marmara Ereglisi
23 . Marmara Ereglisi

An old town built around the natural busy harbour formed by the outcrop.

24 . Silivri

A busy pretty leafy town on the northern coast of the Sea of Marmara. Home to a harbour and canal on the western promenade.

25 . Selimpasa

A small rural town on the northern coast of the Marmara Sea.

26 . Guzelce

A small coastal town on the northern coast of the Marmara Sea west of Istanbul. Home to a busy harbour.

27 . Bueyuekcekmece

A large busy town with a partly destroyed harbour on the northern coast of Marmara Sea opposite Tepecik separated by a canal into the landlocked small Gulf.

28 . Avcilar

A large bustling town a short distance west of Istanbul. Home to some pretty coastal parks around the large busy harbour.

29 . Yesilkoy

A popular town south of the airport with a pretty green park coastal promenade around the busy harbour.

30 . Istanbul

A large bustling city on the edge of Europe at the entrance to the Bosphorus strait connecting the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea.

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