Calais

Town









Calais is 49km from nearest town Folkestone in England. Calais is the home of a commercial, a ferry harbour and the Eurotunnel.




"Calais (UK: KAL-ay, US: kal-AY, traditionally KAL-iss, French: [kalɛ] (listen); Picard: Calés; Dutch: Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture. Although Calais is by far the largest city in Pas-de-Calais, the department's prefecture is its third-largest city of Arras. The population of the metropolitan area at the 2010 census was 126,395. Calais overlooks the Strait of Dover, the narrowest point in the English Channel, which is only 34 km (21 mi) wide here, and is the closest French town to England. The White Cliffs of Dover can easily be seen on a clear day from Calais. Calais is a major port for ferries between France and England, and since 1994, the Channel Tunnel has linked nearby Coquelles to Folkestone by rail.

Due to its position, Calais since the Middle Ages has been a major port and a very important centre for transport and trading with England. Calais came under English control after Edward III of England captured the city in 1347, followed by a treaty in 1360 that formally assigned Calais to English rule. Calais grew into a thriving centre for wool production, and came to be called the "brightest jewel in the English crown" owing to its great importance as the gateway for the tin, lead, lace and wool trades (or "staples"). Calais remained under English control until its capture by France in 1558. The town was virtually razed to the ground during World War II, when in May 1940, it was a strategic bombing target of the invading German forces who took the town during the Siege of Calais. During World War II, the Germans built massive bunkers along the coast in preparation for launching missiles on England.

The old part of the town, Calais proper (known as Calais-Nord), is situated on an artificial island surrounded by canals and harbours. The modern part of the town, St-Pierre, lies to the south and south-east. In the centre of the old town is the Place d'Armes, in which stands the Tour du Guet, or watch-tower, a structure built in the 13th century, which was used as a lighthouse until 1848 when a new lighthouse was built by the port. South east of the Place is the church of Notre-Dame, built during the English occupancy of Calais. It is arguably the only church built in the English perpendicular style in all of France. In this church former French President Charles de Gaulle married his wife Yvonne Vendroux. South of the Place and opposite the Parc St Pierre is the Hôtel-de-ville (the town hall), and the belfry from the early 20th century. Today, Calais is visited by more than 10 million annually. Aside from being a key transport hub, Calais is also a notable fishing port and a centre for fish marketing, and some 3,000 people are still employed in the lace industry for which the town is also famed." Wikipedia









Please help us stay ad free, leave a review and upload a photo.




Forecast



link Open Windy




Videos on Calais

4K Calais - France - Walking tour
4K Calais - France - Walking tour

Calais centre has a port that is the shortest distance of the English Channel. On a clear sunny day you can see the white cliffs of Dover in the uk. Calais is known by the brits as a shopping area ...

more
Add your video
 

Link a video from youtube for Calais and help the community grow.





Nearby Marinas, Harbours and Anchorages

Explore using map view
Calais Bassin du Paradis
1 . Calais Bassin du Paradis

45 buoys for contract holders in the historic basin well-known to Calais inhabitants. The tidal basin has just been renovated and is accessible only to boats under 6.50m with low draft.

Calais Waiting Buoys
2 . Calais Waiting Buoys

Fifteen waiting buoys are available to yachts between two openings of the bridge. Use of these buoys is limited to two tides.

Calais Port Marina
3 . Calais Port Marina

Eight pontoons on the starboard approach parallel to the canal behind the lifting bridge.

Bassin Vauban
4 . Bassin Vauban

The marina is near the Vauban Citadel and has six pontoons which are tidal and dry out at low tide.

Outer Harbour
5 . Outer Harbour

4 pontoons on the starboard approach and 2 boardwalks on the port side.

Frederic Sauvage Basin
6 . Frederic Sauvage Basin

Has 202 berths for motor boats. To access this basin, you have to pass through a tidal gate 3 hours before or after high tide.

Napoleon Basin
7 . Napoleon Basin

Contains 280 berths for local and long term sailing yachts and motor boats. Accessed through the tidal lock which is open close to high water.

Bassin de la Marine
8 . Bassin de la Marine

A small marina with five pontoons tucked inside the depths of the port behind the lock and drawbridge.

YCMN Marina
9 . YCMN Marina

A large marina on the eastern side of the port further up from the Port du Grand Large.

Basin du Commerce
10 . Basin du Commerce

A marina with five pontoons on the inside of the lock and drawbridge.

Port du Grand Large
11 . Port du Grand Large

A large marina on the eastern side of the port with 6 large pontoons.

Dover Marina
12 . Dover Marina

Set against the iconic backdrop of the famous White Cliffs, the award-winning Dover Marina is the most convenient location for cross-Channel sailing. Situated at the closest point to Europe and jus...

Etples Marina
13 . Etples Marina

A marina on the tidal river Canche before the bridge with limited visitor berths. Caution to the approach and the tidal current.

Royal Harbour Marina
14 . Royal Harbour Marina

The Royal Harbour Marina has a unique location in a matchless setting, both on the water and off. Situated just 35 miles from the French coast, the Marina is on the doorstep of the continent and is...

Harbour of Rye
15 . Harbour of Rye

Rye Harbour is a picturesque village and moorings near the Kent and Sussex border. The unique and interesting harbour, which runs along the river Rother offers much to the visitor. It has a busy ya...

Crotoy harbour
16 . Crotoy harbour

A set of two long drying boardwalks at the entrance of the canal de la Maye and potential turbulent water due to the sluice from the adjacent reservoir.

Hourdel Harbour
17 . Hourdel Harbour

A drying narrow estuary with a single long boardwalk.

Marina Saint Valery sur Somme
18 . Marina Saint Valery sur Somme

A marina on the tidal river Somme leading to the Saint Valery canal.

more
Explore using map
 

Find more nearby marinas and harbours






Nearby Towns

Explore using map view
Gravelines
1 . Gravelines
(Hauts-de-France )

A short 15 km from Dunkirk down the river Aa (Ar-Ar) and only to be approach 2 hours either side of high water due to the channel drying out in low tide.

Le Gris Nez
2 . Le Gris Nez
(Hauts-de-France )

(Grey Nose) is a cape west of Calais and north of Boulogne in northern France. A great location to watch passing ships and tankers and on a clear day the white cliffs of Dover in England.

Boulogne-sur-Mer
3 . Boulogne-sur-Mer
(Hauts-de-France )

A touristic arrea in northern France a short distance south of Calais and north of Normandy. The city os home to the largest fishing port in France.

Dunkerque
4 . Dunkerque
(Hauts-de-France )

The most northern of the cities in France close to the Belge border and home to the third largest French harbour.

Dover
5 . Dover
(England - United Kingdom )

An old historic town that has become a commercial dock and the main ferry harbour to the European mainland.

Deal
6 . Deal
(England - United Kingdom )

An old historic town on the eastern tip of southern England, north of Dover.

Etaples
7 . Etaples
(Hauts-de-France )

Etaples lyes some short distance down the river Canche behind a ridge of dunes. Today home to a fishing port and a marina. The outer area drys and should be avoided in poor weather.

Folkestone
8 . Folkestone
(England - United Kingdom )

Folkstone is a large town west of Dover and home to the Channel Tunnel to France.

Ramsgate
9 . Ramsgate
(England - United Kingdom )

Ramsgate is a large town on the western tip of southern England home to a large naval, commercial, and private harbour.

Hythe
10 . Hythe
(England - United Kingdom )

Hythe is set back from the sandy coastline to the west of Folkstone.

Margate
11 . Margate
(England - United Kingdom )

A north facing town near Ramsgate on the western tip of Southern England.

St Mary's Bay
12 . St Mary's Bay
(England - United Kingdom )

A small town on the southern coast of England north of Littlestone-on-Sea.

Littlestone
13 . Littlestone
(England - United Kingdom )

An east facing coastal town on the southern coast of England.

Berck-Plage
14 . Berck-Plage
(Hauts-de-France )

Berck is a short distance south of Etaples and has a long sandy beach and lyes on the mouth of the river Authie which winds it's way around large sand banks.

Herne Bay
15 . Herne Bay
(England - United Kingdom )

Herne Bay is west of Margate and east of 'The Swale' and the Isle of Sheppey.

Winchelsea Beach
16 . Winchelsea Beach
(England - United Kingdom )

A small town on the south coast of England with a long sandy beach.

Le Crotoy
17 . Le Crotoy
(Hauts-de-France )

A small historic town with a small double pontoon tucked away from the drying bay opposite Saint-Valery-sur-Somme.

Le Hourdel
18 . Le Hourdel
(Hauts-de-France )

A small group of houses on the tip of the sand dunes home to a very small channel for shallow draft local boats.

Saint-Valery-sur-Somme
19 . Saint-Valery-sur-Somme
(Hauts-de-France )

A pretty town towards the south of a large sandy the Somme river mouth which dries and can only be approached in high tides. The marina is tucked south of the town along the quay.

Hastings
20 . Hastings
(England - United Kingdom )

An old historic town on the southern coast of England with a long sandy beach and a pier.

more
Explore using map
 

Find more nearby towns






Was this page useful?